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Predicting experiential qualities of architecture by its spatial properties

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons83918

Franz,  G
Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84287

von der Heyde,  M
Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons83839

Bülthoff,  HH
Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Franz, G., von der Heyde, M., & Bülthoff, H. (2005). Predicting experiential qualities of architecture by its spatial properties. In Designing social innovation: Planning, building, evaluating (pp. 157-166). Cambridge, MA: Hogrefe.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-D4C1-5
Abstract
While experiential qualities of rectangular architectural spaces can be effectively predicted from their proportions and area (Franz, von der Heyde, Bülthoff, 2003), these factors obviously cannot be directly transferred on open-plan indoor spaces. We introduce an approach that relates experiential qualities of arbitrarily shaped architectural spaces to their spatial form using isovists (Benedikt, 1979) that allow to generically describe spatial properties. In an exploratory psychological experiment, 33 characteristic values derived from the isovists were tested on their predictive power on experiential qualities by correlating them with averaged affective appraisals. Thirty-four virtual reality simulated indoor scenes were rated by 2x8 participants using the semantic differential. Particularly measurands capturing the qualities spaciousness, openness, complexity, and order turned out to be effective predictor variables. The findings are discussed in terms of evolutionary and information rate related theories of environmental preferences.