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Facile Synthesis of Gd-DO3A-EA Conjugated with DTPA: A Novel Calcium Dependent MR Contrast Agent

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84084

Mishra,  A
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84137

Pfeuffer,  J
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84083

Albert K, Mishra,  AK
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84063

Logothetis,  NK
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Mishra, A., Pfeuffer, J., Albert K, Mishra, A., & Logothetis, N. (2005). Facile Synthesis of Gd-DO3A-EA Conjugated with DTPA: A Novel Calcium Dependent MR Contrast Agent. Poster presented at 4th Annual Meeting of the Society for Molecular Imaging (SMI 2005), Köln, Germany.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-D459-F
Abstract
‘Smart’ contrast agents (CA) exhibit dynamic and reversible modulation of their relaxivity by specific physiological or biochemical triggers such as changes in pH, Ca2+ concentration or enzymatic activity (1-3). The extracellular concentration of Ca2+ plays important role in physiological and pathological processes in the nervous system. This led to the designing of a chelating system in which relaxivity is influenced as a function of Ca2+ concentration by changing coordination number around the paramagnetic metal ion. We synthesized a novel bifunctional bismacrocycle [Gd-(DO3A-DTPA- DO3A); Fig.] based on DO3A-EA [4,7-Bis-carboxymethyl-10-(2-aminoethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododec-1-yl-acetic acid] coupled to DTPA-bis-anhydride via a flexible alkyl spacer to form the amide linkages. The overall yield of the four step synthesis starting from cyclen was 54. This gadolinium-based agent has two limiting conformational states with different Ca2+ concentrations. It is hypothesized that in the absence of Ca2+, the carboxylates of the DTPA ligand interact with the Gd3+ ions which were held in DO3A, but in the presence of Ca2+, these carboxylates rearrange to chelate Ca2+ thereby allowing water to bind directly to Gd3+. NNNNHNONNOHOOGdOOOOOONNNNOOOOOOGdNOOOONHGd-(DO3A-DTPA-DO3A) Results: MR relaxivity of Gd-(DO3A-DTPA-DO3A) at pH 7.4 in the absence of Ca2+ was found to be r1 = (5.02±0.05) s-1mM-1. In the presence of 1mM Ca2+ r1 was (6.18±0.06) s-1mM-1 and 100mM Ca2+ r1 was (7.69±0.06) s-1mM-1. These data indicate 23 relaxivity enhancement from 0-1mM Ca2+ concentration under physiological conditions thus exhibiting a possibility for use as extracellular calcium sensitive CA.