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The object recognition test (ORT) – a reliable tool for measuring visual abilities needed in x-ray screening

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84420

Schwaninger,  A
Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Hardmeier, D., Hofer, F., & Schwaninger, A. (2005). The object recognition test (ORT) – a reliable tool for measuring visual abilities needed in x-ray screening. Proceedings of the 39th Annual International Carnahan Conference on Security Technology (CCST‘05), 189-192.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-D401-6
Abstract
Aviation security screening has become very important in recent years. It was shown in [1] that certain image-based factors influence detection when visually inspecting x-ray images of passenger bags. Threat items are more difficult to recognize when placed in close-packed bags (effect of bag complexity), when superimposed by other objects (effect of superposition), and when rotated (effect of viewpoint). The X-Ray Object Recognition Test (X-Ray ORT) was developed to measure the abilities needed to cope with these factors. In this study, we examined the reliability and validity of the X-Ray ORT based on a sample of 453 aviation security screeners and 453 novices. Cronbach Alpha and split-half analysis revealed high reliability. Validity was examined using internal, convergent, discriminant and criterion-related validity estimates. The results show that the X-Ray ORT is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring visual abilities needed in x-ray screening. This makes the X-Ray ORT an interesting tool for com petency and pre-employment assessment purposes.