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Mechanisms for allocating auditory attention: an auditory saliency map

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84006

Kayser,  C
Research Group Physiology of Sensory Integration, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84136

Petkov,  CI
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84061

Lippert,  M
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84063

Logothetis,  NK
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Kayser, C., Petkov, C., Lippert, M., & Logothetis, N. (2005). Mechanisms for allocating auditory attention: an auditory saliency map. Current Biology, 15(21), 1943-1947. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2005.09.040.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-D395-F
Zusammenfassung
Our nervous system is confronted with a barrage of sensory stimuli, but neural resources are limited and not all stimuli can be processed to the same extent. Mechanisms exist to bias attention towards the particularly salient events thereby providing a weighted representation of our environment [1]. Our understanding of these mechanisms is still limited, but theoretical models can replicate such a weighting of sensory inputs and provide a basis for understanding the underlying principles [2, 3]. Here we describe such a model for the auditory system amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;8211; an auditory saliency map. We experimentally validate the model on natural acoustical scenarios demonstrating that it reproduces human judgments of auditory saliency and predicts the detectability of salient sounds embedded in noisy backgrounds. In addition, it also predicts the natural orienting behavior of naïve macaque monkeys to the same salient stimuli. The structure of the suggested model is identical to that of succ essf ully use d vi sual saliency maps. Hence we conclude that saliency is determined either by implementing similar mechanisms in different unisensory pathways, or by the same mechanism in multisensory areas. In any case, our results demonstrate that different primate sensory systems rely on common principles for extracting relevant sensory events.