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The Role of Motion in Natural Scene Processing Revealed by Visual Search

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84291

Vuong,  QC
Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84258

Thornton,  IM
Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Vuong, Q., & Thornton, I. (2006). The Role of Motion in Natural Scene Processing Revealed by Visual Search. Poster presented at 9th Tübingen Perception Conference (TWK 2006), Tübingen, Germany.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-D2BB-3
Abstract
There is a large amount of movements in the environment but only some are relevant to an observer, as these indicate objects of interest (e.g., prey or predator). In a previous study, we found an advantage for detecting dynamic targets (e.g., humans) compared to static ones in visually degraded natural scenes. Here we used a visual search paradigm to investigate the role of motion in the perception of natural scenes across different target categories and without image degradation. Observers were presented with a circular array of 2, 4, 6 or 8 natural scene movies. These scenes were selected from three categories: human actions, animal movements, and machine movements. The objects in these different categories differed in their shape and movement patterns. The observers’ task was to search for a target category among distractors from another category. In Experiment 1, observers searched for human targets among machine distractors on one block and machine targets among human distractors on another block. The block order was counterbalanced across observers. In Experiment 2, we used animals and machines in the same design. Lastly, in Experiment 3, we used humans and animals. Across all experiments, search times were affected by set size. Importantly, we found that observers were faster at searching for humans and animals among machines than they were at searching for machines among either of these distractor categories (Experiments 1 and 2), suggesting that biological motion facilitated search. However, there was no difference in search times for humans and animals (Experiment 3), suggesting that human and animal movements are treated equivalently by the visual system. Overall, the present results point to the importance of a high-level interpretation of motion (e.g., as biological versus mechanical motion) in processing natural scenes.