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Journal Article

Oscillating steady states


Scheffler,  K
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Scheffler, K., Maderwald S, Ladd, M., & Bieri, O. (2006). Oscillating steady states. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 55(3), 598-603. doi:10.1002/mrm.20795.

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The signal formation and properties of steady-state free precession (SSFP) in combination with alternating RF pulse phases or alternating spin precession is analyzed. Simulations and experiments demonstrate that the amplitudes of SSFP echo paths are significantly influenced by application of alternating phases either via the exciting RF pulse or via some external mechanism producing alternating spin precession. The influence of alternating phases on echo amplitudes is different for different echo paths. The primary SSFP echo paths F0− and F0+ exhibit a signal reduction whereas higher-order echoes F−1− and F1+ show a signal increase upon application of oscillating phases. This behavior can be described using a simple perturbation theory applied to the frequency response profile of balanced SSFP combined with a final signal integration over one balanced SSFP band. The high sensitivity of SSFP echo amplitudes to alternating RF pulse phases or precession is exemplarily used to detect and visualize propagating transverse acoustic shear waves. Detection of flow or alternating currents are further possibilities to apply this unique feature of SSFP.