Hilfe Wegweiser Impressum Kontakt Einloggen





Investigating the post-stimulus undershoot of the BOLD signal—a simultaneous fMRI and fNIRS study


Kupka T, Mildner T, Uludag,  K
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

Externe Ressourcen
Es sind keine Externen Ressourcen verfügbar
Volltexte (frei zugänglich)
Es sind keine frei zugänglichen Volltexte verfügbar
Ergänzendes Material (frei zugänglich)
Es sind keine frei zugänglichen Ergänzenden Materialien verfügbar

Schroeter, M., Kupka T, Mildner T, Uludag, K., & von Cramon, D. (2006). Investigating the post-stimulus undershoot of the BOLD signal—a simultaneous fMRI and fNIRS study. NeuroImage, 30(2), 349-358. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.09.048.

Measuring the hemodynamic response with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) together with functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) may overcome limitations of single-method approaches. Accordingly, we measured the event-related hemodynamic response with both imaging methods simultaneously in young subjects during visual stimulation. An intertrial interval of 60 s was chosen to include the prolonged post-stimulus undershoot of the blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal. During visual stimulation, the BOLD signal, oxy-, and total hemoglobin (Hb) increased, whereas deoxy-Hb decreased. The post-stimulus period was characterized by an undershoot of the BOLD signal, oxy-Hb, and an overshoot of deoxy-Hb. Total Hb as measured by fNIRS returned to baseline immediately after the end of stimulation. Results suggest that the post-stimulus events as measured by fNIRS are dominated by a prolonged high-level oxygen consumption in the microvasculature. The contribution of a delayed return of blood volume to the BOLD post-stimulus undershoot in post-capillary veins as suggested by the Balloon and Windkessel models remains ambiguous. Temporal changes in the BOLD signal were highly correlated with deoxy-Hb, with lower correlation values for oxy- and total Hb. Furthermore, data show that fNIRS covers the outer 1 cm of the brain cortex. These results were confirmed by simultaneous fMRI/fNIRS measurements during rest. In conclusion, multimodal imaging approaches may contribute to the understanding of neurovascular coupling.