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Hemispheric asymmetries in language-related pathways: A combined functional MRI and tractography study

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84112

Powell,  HW
Research Group Cognitive Neuroimaging, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84112

Parker GJ, Alexander D, Symms MR, Boulby PA, Wheeler-Kingshott CA, Noppeney,  U
Research Group Cognitive Neuroimaging, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84112

Barker GJ, Koepp,  MJ
Research Group Cognitive Neuroimaging, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Powell, H., Parker GJ, Alexander D, Symms MR, Boulby PA, Wheeler-Kingshott CA, Noppeney, U., Barker GJ, Koepp, M., & Duncan, J. (2006). Hemispheric asymmetries in language-related pathways: A combined functional MRI and tractography study. Neuroimage, 32(1), 388-399. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.03.011.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-D1CB-7
Zusammenfassung
Functional lateralization is a feature of human brain function, most apparent in the typical left-hemisphere specialization for language. A number of anatomical and imaging studies have examined whether structural asymmetries underlie this functional lateralization. We combined functional MRI (fMRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with tractography to study 10 healthy right-handed subjects. Three language fMRI paradigms were used to define language-related regions in inferior frontal and superior temporal regions. A probabilistic tractography technique was then employed to delineate the connections of these functionally defined regions. We demonstrated consistent connections between Broca‘s and Wernicke‘s areas along the superior longitudinal fasciculus bilaterally but more extensive fronto-temporal connectivity on the left than the right. Both tract volumes and mean fractional anisotropy (FA) were significantly greater on the left than the right. We also demonst rated a correlation between measures of structure and function, with subjects with more lateralized fMRI activation having a more highly lateralized mean FA of their connections. These structural asymmetries are in keeping with the lateralization of language function and indicate the major structural connections underlying this function.