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Facile Synthesis and Relaxation Properties of Novel Bis-polyazamacrocyclic Gd3+ Complexes: an Attempt towards Calcium Sensitive MRI Contrast Agents

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84084

Mishra,  A
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons83784

Fousková P, Angelovski,  G
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84083

Balogh E, Mishra,  AK
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84063

Logothetis,  NK
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Mishra, A., Fousková P, Angelovski, G., Balogh E, Mishra, A., Logothetis, N., & Tóth, É. (2008). Facile Synthesis and Relaxation Properties of Novel Bis-polyazamacrocyclic Gd3+ Complexes: an Attempt towards Calcium Sensitive MRI Contrast Agents. Inorganic Chemistry, 47(4), 1370-1381. doi:10.1021/ic7017456.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-CA5D-5
Abstract
Three novel GdDO3A-type bismacrocyclic complexes, conjugated to Ca2+ chelating moieties like ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid bisamides, were synthesized as potential “smart” magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents. Their sensitivity toward Ca2+ was studied by relaxometric titrations. A maximum relaxivity increase of 15, 6, and 32 was observed upon Ca2+ binding for Gd2L1, Gd2L2, and Gd2L3, respectively (L1 = N,N-bis1-[{[({1-[1,4,7-tris(carboxymethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-10-yl]eth- -yl}amino)carbonyl]methyl}-(carboxymethyl)amino]eth-2-yl}aminoacetic acid; L2 = N,N-bis[1-({[({α-[1,4,7-tris(carboxymethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-10-yl]-p-tolylamino}carbonyl)methyl]-(carboxymethyl)}amino)eth-2-yl]aminoacetic acid; L3 = 1,2-bis[{[({1-[1,4,7-tris(carboxymethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-10-yl]eth-2-yl}amino)carbonyl]methyl(carboxymethyl)amino]ethane). The apparent association constants are log KA = 3.6 ± 0.1 for Gd2L1 and log KA = 3.4 ± 0.1 for Gd2L3. For the interaction between Mg2+ and Gd2L1, log KA = 2.7 ± 0.1 has been determined, while no relaxivity change was detected with Gd2L3. Luminescence lifetime measurements on the Eu3+ complexes in the absence of Ca2+ gave hydration numbers of q = 0.9 (Eu2L1), 0.7 (Eu2L2), and 1.3 (Eu2L3). The parameters influencing proton relaxivity of the Gd3+ complexes were assessed by a combined nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion (NMRD) and 17O NMR study. Water exchange is relatively slow on Gd2L1 and Gd2L2 (kex298 = 0.5 and 0.8 × 106 s−1), while it is faster on Gd2L3 (kex298 = 80 × 106 s−1); in any case, it is not sensitive to the presence of Ca2+. The rotational correlation time, τR298, differs for the three complexes and reflects their rigidity. Due to the benzene linker, the Gd2L2 complex is remarkably rigid, with a correspondingly high relaxivity despite the low hydration number (r1 = 10.2 mM−1s−1 at 60 MHz, 298 K). On the basis of all available experimental data from luminescence, 17O NMR, and NMRD studies on the Eu3+ and Gd3+ complexes of L1 and L3 in the absence and in the presence of Ca2+, we conclude that the relaxivity increase observed upon Ca2+ addition can be mainly ascribed to the increase in the hydration number, and, to a smaller extent, to the Ca2+-induced rigidification of the complex.