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Natural vision reveals regional specialization to local motion and to contrast-invariant, global flow in the human brain.

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons83797

Bartels,  A
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84063

Logothetis,  NK
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Bartels, A., Zeki, S., & Logothetis, N. (2008). Natural vision reveals regional specialization to local motion and to contrast-invariant, global flow in the human brain. Cerebral Cortex, 18(3), 705-717. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhm107.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-CA21-9
Abstract
Visual changes in feature movies, like in real-live, can be partitioned into global flow due to self/camera motion, local/ differential flow due to object motion, and residuals, for example, due to illumination changes. We correlated these measures with brain responses of human volunteers viewing movies in an fMRI scanner. Early visual areas responded only to residual changes, thus lacking responses to equally large motion-induced changes, consistent with predictive coding. Motion activated V51 (MT1), V3A, medial posterior parietal cortex (mPPC) and, weakly, lateral occipital cortex (LOC). V51 responded to local/differential motion and depended on visual contrast, whereas mPPC responded to global flow spanning the whole visual field and was contrast independent. mPPC thus codes for flow compatible with unbiased heading estimation in natural scenes and for the comparison of visual flow with nonretinal, multimodal motion cues in it or downstream. mPPC was functionally connected to anterior portions of V51, whereas laterally neighboring putative homologue of lateral intraparietal area (LIP) connected with frontal eye fields. Our results demonstrate a progression of selectivity from local and contrast-dependent motion processing in V51 toward global and contrast-independent motion processing in mPPC. The function, connectivity, and anatomical neighborhood of mPPC imply several parallels to monkey ventral intraparietal area (VIP).