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CPP or Cholesterol Conjugated Antisense PNA for Cellular Delivery

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons83996

Joshi,  R
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84085

Mishra,  R
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84244

Su,  W
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons83903

Engelmann,  J
Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Joshi, R., Mishra, R., Su, W., & Engelmann, J. (2008). CPP or Cholesterol Conjugated Antisense PNA for Cellular Delivery. Poster presented at 30th European Peptide Symposium (30 EPS), Helsinki, Finland.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-C767-3
Abstract
Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is a DNA mimic consisting of the four common bases of DNA on a pseudopeptide backbone that makes it extremely stable in biological fl uids. Antisense PNA is targeted against mRNA in cytoplasm in a sequence specifi c manner. However, the main hindrance to the effective use of PNAs has been their relatively poor uptake by cells. Endosomal release or direct uptake into cytosol of agents is mandatory for attaining mRNA based targeting. There are reports on the cell penetrating peptide (CPP) based delivery system. It has also been reported that conjugates of cholesterol and siRNAs facilitate cellular import (1). The aim of this study was to synthesize different sequences of cholesterol coupled antisense PNA and to compare its uptake characteristics with a CPP-PNA conjugate. The synthesis of PNA (anti-dsRed PNA (agcgcctgtacc), specifi cally targeted to mRNA of dsRed, a red fl uorescent protein) conjugated to CPP (d-Tat) or cholesterol was performed in fully automated synthesizer (Prelude, Protein Technologies, Inc.) using continuous solid phase chemistry. To increase the solubility in water, linkers (AEEA) and additional charged amino acids were coupled or the sequence of peptide, PNA and cholesterol was changed. All compounds were labelled with FITC to confi rm the cellular uptake by fl uorescence microscopy and spectroscopy. Cell uptake studies showed that the CPP bound PNA was located predominantly in vesicles indicating an endosomal uptake mechanism and subsequent entrapment in vesicles. Cholesterol bound PNA was also effi ciently internalized. However, it was also located inside vesicles without detectable cytosolic distribution. PNA-Cholesterol has fewer synthetic steps than PNA-CPP. However, it was also located inside vesicles restricting its applicability for mRNA targeting. The effi cient uptake might make it a promising cellular delivery agent after further improvements.