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Conference Paper

ICA with Sparse Connections: Revisited

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84328

Zhang,  K
Department Empirical Inference, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Zhang, K., Peng H, Chan, L., & Hyvärinen, A. (2009). ICA with Sparse Connections: Revisited. In Independent Component Analysis and Signal Separation (pp. 195-202). Berlin, Germany: Springer.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-C59B-3
Abstract
When applying independent component analysis (ICA), sometimes we expect the connections between the observed mixtures and the recovered independent components (or the original sources) to be sparse, to make the interpretation easier or to reduce the random effect in the results. In this paper we propose two methods to tackle this problem. One is based on adaptive Lasso, which exploits the L 1 penalty with data-adaptive weights. We show the relationship between this method and the classic information criteria such as BIC and AIC. The other is based on optimal brain surgeon, and we show how its stopping criterion is related to the information criteria. This method produces the solution path of the transformation matrix, with different number of zero entries. These methods involve low computational loads. Moreover, in each method, the parameter controlling the sparsity level of the transformation matrix has clear interpretations. By setting such parameters to certain values, the results of the proposed methods are consistent with those produced by classic information criteria.