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High frequency local field potentials and multi unit activity reflect visual awareness in the macaque prefrontal cortex

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84125

Panagiotaropoulos,  T
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84003

Kapoor,  V
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84007

Keliris,  GA
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84260

Tolias,  A
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84063

Logothetis,  NK
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Panagiotaropoulos, T., Kapoor, V., Keliris, G., Tolias, A., & Logothetis, N. (2009). High frequency local field potentials and multi unit activity reflect visual awareness in the macaque prefrontal cortex. Poster presented at 41st European Brain and Behaviour Society Meeting, Rhodos, Greece.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-C32F-9
Abstract
Binocular rivalry (BR) has been successfully combined with extracellular electrophysiological recordings in awake, behaving macaques to study the cortical mechanisms of subjective visual perception. Here we used binocular flash suppression (BFS), a highly controlled variant of BR, to explore the neuronal correlates of visual awareness in the inferior prefrontal convexity (icPFC) of the macaque brain while simultaneously recording multi unit activity (MUA) and local field potentials (LFP). We found that MUA was perceptually modulated in 67 of the visually selective recording sites. During BFS in 92 of MUA modulated sites we observed higher firing rates when the preferred stimulus was perceived. An explicit representation of the perceptually dominant stimulus was also provided by the power modulation of high frequency LFP’s only at the MUA modulated sites. Specifically, sensory selectivity of the LFP power increased as a function of frequency with the highest selectivity observed between 150 and 450Hz. The same pattern in LFP power selectivity was observed when the preferred stimulus was perceived during BFS. A correlation analysis between MUA and LFP power selectivity showed significant correlation in sensory selectivity for frequencies >60Hz that saturated at 150Hz and followed the same pattern during BFS. While spikes measure cortical output, LFP’s are thought to reflect input and intracortical processing in a given cortical area. According to this scheme our results suggest that icPFC sites providing perceptually modulated output are also the sites that receive and process a representation of the perceived stimulus during BFS. Inferior temporal cortex (IT) output is also known to reflect the perceived stimulus during ambiguous visual stimulation and could thus be the source of the modulated icPFC input reflected in the LFP’s. Our results suggest a highly organized network involving IT and icPFC that mediates visual awareness during subjective visual perception.