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New Estimate for the Redundancy of Natural Images

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons83982

Hosseini,  R
Research Group Computational Vision and Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84226

Sinz,  F
Research Group Computational Vision and Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Research Group Computational Vision and Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons83805

Bethge,  M
Research Group Computational Vision and Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Hosseini, R., Sinz, F., & Bethge, M. (2010). New Estimate for the Redundancy of Natural Images. Poster presented at Bernstein Conference on Computational Neuroscience (BCCN 2010), Berlin, Germany.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-BE02-0
Abstract
The light intensities of natural images exhibit a high degree of redundancy. Knowing the exact amount of their statistical dependencies is important for biological vision as well as compression and coding applications but estimating the total amount of redundancy, the multi-information, is intrinsically hard. The conventional approach for estimating the redundancy per pixel is to estimate the multi-information for patches of increasing sizes and divide by the number of pixels. Here, we show that the limiting value of this sequence---the multi-information rate---can be better estimated by another limiting process based on measuring the mutual information between a pixel and a causal neighborhood of increasing size around it. We explain the theoretical relationship of the two methods and compare their performance on natural images. While both methods provide a lower bound on the multi-information rate, the mutual information based sequence converges much faster to the multi-information rate than the conventional method does. In this way we can provide improved estimates of the multi-information rate of natural images and a better understanding its underlying spatial structure. In addition, we will present work in progress on hierarchical model architectures that has led to further improvements of this lower bound.