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Coupling of neural activity and fMRI-BOLD in the motion area MT

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84061

Lippert,  MT
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84237

Steudel,  T
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Dept. Empirical Inference, Max Planck Institute for Intelligent System, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84063

Ohl F, Logothetis,  NK
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84006

Kayser,  C
Research Group Physiology of Sensory Integration, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Research Group Physiology of Sensory Integration, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Lippert, M., Steudel, T., Ohl F, Logothetis, N., & Kayser, C. (2010). Coupling of neural activity and fMRI-BOLD in the motion area MT. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 28(8), 1087-1094. doi:10.1016/j.mri.2009.12.028.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-BDB8-D
Abstract
The fMRI-BOLD contrast is widely used to study the neural basis of sensory perception and cognition. This signal, however, reflects neural activity only indirectly, and the detailed mechanisms of neurovascular coupling and the neurophysiological correlates of the BOLD signal remain debated. Here we investigate the coupling of BOLD and electrophysiological signals in the motion area MT of the macaque monkey by simultaneously recording both signals. Our results demonstrate that a prominent neuronal response property of area MT, so-called motion opponency, can be used to induce dissociations of BOLD and neuronal firing. During the presentation of a stimulus optimally driving the local neurons, both field potentials [local field potentials (LFPs)] and spiking activity [multi-unit activity (MUA)] correlated with the BOLD signal. When introducing the motion opponency stimulus, however, correlations of MUA with BOLD were much reduced, and LFPs were a much better predictor of the BOLD signal than MUA. In addition, fo r a subset of recording sites we found positive BOLD and LFP responses in the presence of decreases in MUA, regardless of the stimulus used. Together, these results demonstrate that correlations between BOLD and MUA are dependent on the particular site and stimulus paradigm, and foster the notion that the fMRI-BOLD signal reflects local dendrosomatic processing and synaptic activity rather than principal neuron spiking responses.