de.mpg.escidoc.pubman.appbase.FacesBean
English
 
Help Guide Disclaimer Contact us Login
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Conference Paper

Admittance-Based Bilateral Teleoperation with Time Delay for an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle involved in an Obstacle Avoidance Task

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons83778

Alaimo,  S
Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons83839

Bülthoff,  HH
Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

Locator
There are no locators available
Fulltext (public)
There are no public fulltexts available
Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Alaimo, S., Pollini, L., & Bülthoff, H. (2011). Admittance-Based Bilateral Teleoperation with Time Delay for an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle involved in an Obstacle Avoidance Task. In AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference 2011 (pp. 19-37). Red Hook, NY, USA: Curran.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-BACE-8
Abstract
The paper focuses on the implementation of an admittance based control scheme in a bilateral teleoperation set-up for an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) under time delay. The goal of this study is to assess and improve the stability characteristics of the bilateral teleoperator. Computer simulations were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the admittance-based control scheme. A commercial impedance-like haptic device was chosen to simulate the control stick: the master device. The slave system is constituted by the dynamics of the aircraft under control; in order to maximize the pilot attention on its task, only the lateral aircraft dynamics was considered. A virtual environment was displayed during the experiments to produce the visual cues. In order to evaluate the system, we prepared a control task where the aircraft had to be flown in a virtual urban canyon with buildings placed irregularly (non Manhattan-like) along the desired path by avoiding the collisions with them. A repulsive force field was associated to the obstacles and a force was sent back to the operator through the communication link. A compensator capable of flying autonomously the aircraft through the buildings with satisfactory performance was designed first using linear techniques then the haptic augmentation system was derived from the compensator by splitting it in two parts: the actual haptic cueing for the pilot and the simulated the pilot effort. The latter component was used only for the preliminary assessment of the system and was removed in simulations where a real pilot operated the stick (the master device). Experimental results and analytical motivations as well have shown that a haptic force which is simply proportional to the distance from the obstacles cannot stabilize the system: a relevant anticipatory effect or phase lead (as the derivative effect of standard industrial controllers) is needed. In order to manage the degradation of performance and overall stability when a delay is present in the communication paths, an admittance-based controller was designed together with an observer for the force generated by the human operator on the stick. The admittance-based Force Position teleoperation scheme was shown by simulations and tests with real pilots to improve the performance of the system under consideration.