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Population receptive field measurements in visual cortex of macaque monkeys

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84214

Shao,  Y
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84007

Keliris,  GA
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84126

Papanikolaou,  A
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons83787

Augath,  M
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84063

Logothetis,  NK
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Shao, Y., Keliris, G., Papanikolaou, A., Augath, M., Logothetis, N., & Smirnakis, S. (2011). Population receptive field measurements in visual cortex of macaque monkeys. Poster presented at 41st Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (Neuroscience 2011), Washington, DC, USA.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-B946-D
Abstract
Visual receptive fields have dynamic properties that may change with the conditions of visual stimulation or with the state of chronic visual deprivation. We used 4.7 Tesla functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study the visual cortex of two adult normal macaque monkeys and one with binocular central retinal lesions due to a form of juvenile macular degeneration (D06). FMRI experiments were performed under light remifentanyl induced anesthesia (Logothetis et al. Nat. Neurosci. 1999). Standard moving horizontal/vertical bar stimuli were presented to the subjects and the population receptive field (pRF) method (Dumoulin and Wandell, Neuroimage 2008) was used to measure retinotopic maps and pRF sizes in early visual areas. In addition we used a new spatiotemporal dynamic modulation method to measure pRF sizes as comparison. In general fMRI measurements from the normal monkeys agree with electrophysiological results in the literature, with fMRI pRF sizes and electrophysiology measurements showing similar trends. For the macular degeneration monkey (D06), the size and location of the fMRI defined lesion projection zone in early visual areas is consistent with the retinotopic projection of the retinal lesion. No significant activity was found within V1 LPZ of D06, and the retinotopic organization of the non-deafferented V1 periphery is regular without distortion. Higher level visual areas of D06 (V5/MT) show more extensive activation than areas of control monkeys with an artificial scotoma (to obscure part of the stimuli from the visual field as a simulation of the real scotoma) of comparable size. PRF sizes in the non-deafferented V5/MT of monkey D06 are on average slightly smaller than controls. Further investigation using fMRI and standard electrophysiology methods is in progress.