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Hippocampal Formation Projection To Ventral Tegmental Area: An Anatomical Study In The Non-Human Primate

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84478

Ubero Martinez,  MDM
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons84063

Mohedano Moriano A, Arroyo Jimenez MDM, Munoz M, Marcos P, Artacho Perula E, Hernandez Mombiela D, Legidos Garcia ME, Logothetis,  NK
Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Ubero Martinez, M., Mohedano Moriano A, Arroyo Jimenez MDM, Munoz M, Marcos P, Artacho Perula E, Hernandez Mombiela D, Legidos Garcia ME, Logothetis, N., & Insausti, R. (2012). Hippocampal Formation Projection To Ventral Tegmental Area: An Anatomical Study In The Non-Human Primate. Poster presented at 8th Forum of European Neuroscience (FENS 2012), Barcelona, Spain.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-B6DA-E
Abstract
The Hippocampal Formation (HF) has a critical role in episodic memory. One of the major components in episodic memory is the encoding of novel stimuli, which is associated to dopaminergic system. Lisman and Grace (2005) proposed that novelty signals in the hippocampus modulate the activity of dopaminergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and that, via a feedback loop, the increase of dopamine in hippocampal neurons promotes the encoding for the novel event. Retrograde tracer studies have demonstrated that the VTA projects directly to the HF in primates (Amaral and Cowan, 1980; Insausti et al., 1987) as well as in rodents. However, whether these projections are reciprocal or not is unknown. Despite this lack of evidence of a direct projection, functional studies indicate that the dopaminergic neurons of the VTA are strongly influenced by the hippocampus indirectly through either lateral septum (Luo et al. 2011) or nucleus accumbens-ventral pallidum pathways (Lisman and Grace 2005). In order to determine the existence of direct inputs from the HF to the VTA and which are the specific fields within the HF responsible of the projection, the retrograde tracers were placed in the mesencephalic ventral and dorsal tegmentum of the Macaca fascicularis monkey, including the VTA. The retrograde cell labeling was analyzed with an epifluorescence microscope coupled to a computerized charting system. Our preliminary results showed scarce labeled cells in the HF, specifically in dorsal subiculum, and deep layers of the caudomedial portion of the entorhinal cortex (subfield EO and medialmost EI). These results clarify the functional HF-VTA loop playing a role in learning and memory, and different neuropsychiatric diseases (schizophrenia, Alzheimer´s and Parkinson's disease.