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Galvanic Replacement Reactions in Metal Oxide Nanocrystals

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons22243

Willinger,  Marc Georg
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Oh, M. H., Yu, T., Yu, S.-H., Lim, B., Ko, K.-T., Willinger, M. G., et al. (2013). Galvanic Replacement Reactions in Metal Oxide Nanocrystals. Science, 340(6135), 964-968. doi:10.1126/science.1234751.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-AF87-C
Abstract
Galvanic replacement reactions provide a simple and versatile route for producing hollow nanostructures with controllable pore structures and compositions. However, these reactions have previously been limited to the chemical transformation of metallic nanostructures. We demonstrated galvanic replacement reactions in metal oxide nanocrystals as well. When manganese oxide (Mn3O4) nanocrystals were reacted with iron(II) perchlorate, hollow box-shaped nanocrystals of Mn3O4/γ-Fe2O3 (“nanoboxes”) were produced. These nanoboxes ultimately transformed into hollow cagelike nanocrystals of γ-Fe2O3 (“nanocages”). Because of their nonequilibrium compositions and hollow structures, these nanoboxes and nanocages exhibited good performance as anode materials for lithium ion batteries. The generality of this approach was demonstrated with other metal pairs, including Co3O4/SnO2 and Mn3O4/SnO2.