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Development of a H2-selective SiO2-membrane for the catalytic dehydrogenation of propane

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons86477

Seidel-Morgenstern,  A.
Physical and Chemical Foundations of Process Engineering, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Max Planck Society;
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, External Organizations;

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Zitation

Schäfer, R., Noack, M., Kölsch, P., Thomas, S., Seidel-Morgenstern, A., & Caro, J. (2001). Development of a H2-selective SiO2-membrane for the catalytic dehydrogenation of propane. Separation and Purification Technology, 25(1-3), 3-9. doi:10.1016/S1383-5866(01)00085-5.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-A187-B
Zusammenfassung
Commercial alumina ceramic tubes of asymmetric cross section were used as supports for the deposition of SiO2 layers by the sol-gel technique. The SiO2 gel layer has been built up on the gamma-alumina ultrafiltration (UF)-layer of the support by dip-coating with a SiO2-polymer sol. The sol was prepared by a two-step acidic-base hydrolysis of traethylorthosilicate (TEOS) in alcoholic solution with a relative low content of water (H2O:TEOS= 4.3:1). The following step of hydrolysis and condensation was varied by different amounts of NH4OH. These sols of lowly branched SiO2 polymers with 60-70% Q(3) units were used for dip-coating. After drying (2 h at ambient temperature) the membranes have been calcined at 600 degreesC. The resulting membranes show hydrogen fluxes greater than or equal to 20 m (3)(STP)/m(2) h bar and permselectivities hydrogen: propane between 30 and 75 in a temperature region of 450-550 degreesC. The membranes were tested in membrane supported propane dehydrogenation. The propene yield in the membrane reactor can be higher than in a conventional fixed-bed reactor if the hydrogen is removed by a H-2-selective membrane. After several regeneration cycles, stable and acceptable membrane properties are found. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. [accessed 2013 November 29th]