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Two-step solvent gradients in simulated moving bed chromatography - Numerical study for linear equilibria

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons86247

Antos,  D.
Rzeszow Univ Technol, Rzeszow, Poland;
Physical and Chemical Foundations of Process Engineering, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons86477

Seidel-Morgenstern,  A.
Physical and Chemical Foundations of Process Engineering, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Max Planck Society;
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, External Organizations;

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Antos, D., & Seidel-Morgenstern, A. (2002). Two-step solvent gradients in simulated moving bed chromatography - Numerical study for linear equilibria. Journal of Chromatography A, 944(1-2), 77-91. doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01365-6.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-A0AB-3
Abstract
The application of gradients in simulated moving bed (SMB) chromatography has recently attracted interest as a method for further improving the performance of this continuous separation process. One possible implementation of gradients consists in setting the solvent strength in the desorbent stream higher than that in the feed stream. As a result, the components to be separated are more retained in the zones upstream of the feed position and more easily eluted in the zones downstream of the feed position. If a liquid mobile phase is used, gradients can be created by, dosing different solvents into the feed and desorbent ports. In a closed-loop gradient SMB arrangement the solvent strength within the unit will depend on the two feed compositions and on the characteristic flow-rates of the process. In this work an equilibrium stage model describing a true moving bed process is used to analyze, numerically the main features of a two-step gradient SMB process. The adsorption isotherms are assumed to be always linear under isocratic conditions. The relevant Henry constants depend in a nonlinear manner on the composition of the solvent. Based on numerical simulations the impact of the two inlet solvent compositions is demonstrated in terms of the size and shape of regions of applicable flow-rates. Different strategies of designing the process are discussed and compared with respect to maximizing productivities and minimizing desorbent requirements. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science BV All rights reserved. [accessed 2013 November 29th]