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Nonlinear analysis of current instabilities in high temperature fuel cells

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons86397

Mangold,  M.
Process Synthesis and Process Dynamics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons86373

Krasnyk,  M.
Process Synthesis and Process Dynamics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons86497

Sundmacher,  K.
Process Systems Engineering, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Max Planck Society;
Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, External Organizations;

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Zitation

Mangold, M., Krasnyk, M., & Sundmacher, K. (2004). Nonlinear analysis of current instabilities in high temperature fuel cells. Chemical Engineering Science, 59, 4869-4877. doi: 10.1016/j.ces.2004.07.094.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-9E87-6
Zusammenfassung
The conductivity of electrolytes in high temperature fuel cells increases with increasing temperature. It is shown that this property may lead to instabilities, inhomogeneous temperature fields, and hot spots. A simple spatially one-dimensional model of a cell is studied by phase plane analysis and numerical bifurcation analysis. The operation of the cell at constant voltage and at constant current is considered. It is found that in both cases spatial temperature patterns and channels of high current density can form. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [accessed 2014 January 10th]