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The molecular basis of leukocyte recruitment and its deficiencies

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons78420

Moser,  Markus
Fässler, Reinhard / Molecular Medicine, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Schmidt, S., Moser, M., & Sperandio, M. (2013). The molecular basis of leukocyte recruitment and its deficiencies. Molecular Immunology, 55(1; Special Issue ), 49-58. doi:10.1016/j.molimm.2012.11.006.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-75EA-5
Abstract
The innate immune system responds to inflammation, infection and injury by recruiting neutrophils and other leukocytes. These cells are able to leave the intravascular compartment in a process called leukocyte recruitment. This process involves several distinct steps: selectin-mediated rolling, firm adhesion via integrins, postarrest modifications including adhesion strengthening and leukocyte crawling and finally transmigration into tissue. Genetic defects affecting the different steps of the cascade can result in severe impairment in leukocyte recruitment. So far, three leukocyte adhesion deficiencies (LAD I-III) have been described in humans. These LADs are rare autosomal recessive inherited disorders and, although clinically distinct, exhibit several common features including recurrent bacterial infections and leukocytosis. In LAD-I, mutations within the beta 2-integrin gene result in a severe defect in beta 2 integrin-mediated firm leukocyte adhesion. Defects in the posttranslational fucosylation of selectin ligands dramatically reduce leukocyte rolling and lead to LAD-II. Finally, LAD-III, also known as LAD-I variant, is caused by impaired integrin activation due to mutations within the kindlin-3 gene. This review provides an overview on the molecular basis of leukocyte adhesion and its deficiencies. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.