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Zeitschriftenartikel

Emission ratio and isotopic signatures of molecular hydrogen emissions from tropical biomass burning

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62381

Gerbig,  Christoph
Airborne Trace Gas Measurements and Mesoscale Modelling, Dr. habil. C. Gerbig, Department Biogeochemical Systems, Prof. M. Heimann, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Haumann, F. A., Batenburg, A. M., Pieterse, G., Gerbig, C., Krol, M. C., & Röckmann, T. (2013). Emission ratio and isotopic signatures of molecular hydrogen emissions from tropical biomass burning. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 9401-9413. doi:10.5194/acp-13-9401-2013.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-F8AB-F
Zusammenfassung
In this study, we identify a biomass-burning signal in molecular hydrogen (H2) over the Amazonian tropical rainforest. To quantify this signal, we measure the mixing ratios of H2 and several other species as well as the H2 isotopic composition in air samples that were collected in the BARCA (Balanço Atmosférico Regional de Carbono na Amazônia) aircraft campaign during the dry season. We derive a relative H2 emission ratio with respect to carbon monoxide (CO) of 0.31±0.04 ppb ppb−1 and an isotopic source signature of −280 ± 41‰ in the air masses influenced by tropical biomass burning. In order to retrieve a clear source signal that is not influenced by the soil uptake of H2, we exclude samples from the atmospheric boundary layer. This procedure is supported by data from a global chemistry transport model. The 1H2 /1CO emission ratio is significantly lower than some earlier estimates for the tropical rainforest. In addition, our results confirm the lower values of the previously conflicting estimates of the H2 isotopic source signature from biomass burning. These values for the emission ratio and isotopic source signatures of H2 from tropical biomass burning can be used in future bottom-up and top-down approaches aiming to constrain the strength of the biomass-burning source for H2. Hitherto, these two quantities relied only on combustion experiments or on statistical relations, since no direct signal had been obtained from insitu observations.