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Inactivation of Anoctamin-6/Tmem16f, a Regulator of Phosphatidylserine Scrambling in Osteoblasts, Leads to Decreased Mineral Deposition in Skeletal Tissues

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons78420

Moser,  Markus
Fässler, Reinhard / Molecular Medicine, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50391

Kornak,  Uwe
Research Group Development & Disease (Head: Stefan Mundlos), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50615

Vortkamp,  Andrea
Independent Junior Research Groups (OWL), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Ehlen, H. W. A., Chinenkova, M., Moser, M., Munter, H.-M., Krause, Y., Gross, S., et al. (2013). Inactivation of Anoctamin-6/Tmem16f, a Regulator of Phosphatidylserine Scrambling in Osteoblasts, Leads to Decreased Mineral Deposition in Skeletal Tissues. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 28(2), 246-259. doi:10.1002/jbmr.1751.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-ED5A-D
Zusammenfassung
During vertebrate skeletal development, osteoblasts produce a mineralized bone matrix by deposition of hydroxyapatite crystals in the extracellular matrix. Anoctamin6/Tmem16F (Ano6) belongs to a conserved family of transmembrane proteins with chloride channel properties. In addition, Ano6 has been linked to phosphatidylserine (PS) scrambling in the plasma membrane. During skeletogenesis, Ano6 mRNA is expressed in differentiating and mature osteoblasts. Deletion of Ano6 in mice results in reduced skeleton size and skeletal deformities. Molecular analysis revealed that chondrocyte and osteoblast differentiation are not disturbed. However, mutant mice display increased regions of nonmineralized, Ibsp-expressing osteoblasts in the periosteum during embryonic development and increased areas of uncalcified osteoid postnatally. In primary Ano6(-/-) osteoblasts, mineralization is delayed, indicating a cell autonomous function of Ano6. Furthermore, we demonstrate that calcium-dependent PS scrambling is impaired in osteoblasts. Our study is the first to our knowledge to reveal the requirement of Ano6 in PS scrambling in osteoblasts, supporting a function of PS exposure in the deposition of hydroxyapatite. (C) 2013 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.