de.mpg.escidoc.pubman.appbase.FacesBean
English
 
Help Guide Disclaimer Contact us Login
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Journal Article

Tidal disruptions of separated binaries in galactic nuclei

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons20654

Amaro-Seoane,  Pau
Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

Locator
There are no locators available
Fulltext (public)

1106.1429
(Preprint), 431KB

mnras425_2401.pdf
(Any fulltext), 202KB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Amaro-Seoane, P., Miller, M. C., & Kennedy, G. F. (2012). Tidal disruptions of separated binaries in galactic nuclei. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 425, 2401-2406. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21162.x.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-EADE-E
Abstract
Several galaxies have exhibited X-ray flares that are consistent with the tidal disruption of a star by a central supermassive black hole. In theoretical treatments of this process it is usually assumed that the star was initially on a nearly parabolic orbit relative to the black hole. Such an assumption leads in the simplest approximation to a $t^{-5/3}$ decay of the bolometric luminosity and this is indeed consistent with the relatively poorly sampled light curves of such flares. We point out that there is another regime in which the decay would be different: if a binary is tidally separated and the star that remains close to the hole is eventually tidally disrupted from a moderate eccentricity orbit, the decay is slower, typically $\sim t^{-1.2}$. As a result, careful sampling of the light curves of such flares could distinguish between these processes and yield insight into the dynamics of binaries as well as single stars in galactic centres. We explore this process using three-body simulations and analytic treatments and discuss the consequences for present-day X-ray detections and future gravitational wave observations.