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Journal Article

Soils of Amazonia with particular reference to the RAINFOR sites

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62554

Schwarz,  M.
Department Biogeochemical Processes, Prof. S. E. Trumbore, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62360

Czimczik,  C. I.
Department Biogeochemical Processes, Prof. S. E. Trumbore, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Fulltext (public)

BGC1520.pdf
(Publisher version), 6MB

BGC1520D.pdf
(Preprint), 7MB

Supplementary Material (public)

BGC1520S.pdf
(Supplementary material), 3MB

Citation

Quesada, C. A., Lloyd, J., Anderson, L. O., Fyllas, N. M., Schwarz, M., & Czimczik, C. I. (2011). Soils of Amazonia with particular reference to the RAINFOR sites. Biogeosciences, 8(6), 1415-1440. doi:10.5194/bg-8-1415-2011.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-DC6F-A
Abstract
The tropical forests of the Amazon Basin occur on a wide variety of different soil types reflecting a rich diversity of geologic origins and geomorphic processes. We here review the existing literature about the main soil groups of Amazonia, describing their genesis, geographical patterns and principal chemical, physical and morphologic characteristics. Original data is also presented, with profiles of exchangeable cations, carbon and particle size fraction illustrated for the principal soil types; also emphasizing the high diversity existing within the main soil groups when possible. Maps of geographic distribution of soils occurring under forest vegetation are also introduced, and to contextualize soils into an evolutionary framework, a scheme of soil development is presented having as its basis a chemical weathering index. We identify a continuum of soil evolution in Amazonia with soil properties varying predictably along this pedogenetic gradient.