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Effect of precipitation regime on δ D values of soil n-alkanes from elevation gradients - Implications for the study of paleo-elevation

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62384

Gleixner,  G.
Molecular Biogeochemistry Group, Dr. G. Gleixner, Department Biogeochemical Processes, Prof. S. E. Trumbore, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62493

Mügler,  I.
Molecular Biogeochemistry Group, Dr. G. Gleixner, Department Biogeochemical Processes, Prof. S. E. Trumbore, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Bai, Y., Fang, X. M., Gleixner, G., & Mügler, I. (2011). Effect of precipitation regime on δ D values of soil n-alkanes from elevation gradients - Implications for the study of paleo-elevation. Organic Geochemistry, 42(7), 838-845. doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2011.03.019.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-DB5F-5
Zusammenfassung
We measured delta D values of long chain n-alkanes isolated from 30 surface soil samples along two elevation transects on the Tibetan Plateau differing in precipitation regime and water source. The East Asian Monsoon precipitation dominates the wetter regime on the eastern slope (from 1230 to 4300 m) of Gongga Shan on the eastern Tibetan Plateau. Precipitation from the Polar Westerlies dominates the drier region on the slope from 1900 to 5000 m in the West Kunlun Shan on the northwestern Tibetan Plateau. The decrease in delta D value with elevation in the wetter region greatly exceeded that in drier region by, -1.9 +/- 0.1 parts per thousand/100 m and -1.4 +/- 1.0 parts per thousand/100 m respectively. The apparent fractionation between leaf wax and precipitation epsilon(wax-p) values in the wetter region (ca. -164 parts per thousand) were more negative than those in drier region (ca. -125 parts per thousand above 3200 m). We also measured delta D values in leaves of six common living trees (values from -287 parts per thousand to -193 parts per thousand) from Gongga Shan, ranging from about 2900-4200 m. The abundance-weighted average values of the n-alkanes (delta D(wax)) show a strong reverse correlation with sample source elevation (R(2) 0.78 for soils from Gongga Shan; R(2) 0.85 for soils from West Kunlun Shan above 3200 m), suggesting that n-alkane delta D(wax) faithfully records the precipitation delta D and that the isotopic altitude effect of precipitation controls delta D(wax) altitudinal gradients in the mountains. The data show a fairly strong monotonic dependency of n-alkane delta D values on elevation for the eastern Plateau, but a complex relationship between n-alkane delta D values and elevation for the northwestern Plateau. The delta D(wax) values at sites below 3200 m from the Kunlun Shan area exhibit an unexpected positive correlation with elevation. The study confirms the potential for using sediment delta D(wax) values to reconstruct paleo-elevation in wetter regions, but suggests caution in applying the approach to dry regions. Our results also show it is essential to consider the intricacy of the pattern of atmospheric circulation and water sources and their influence on the lapse rate of delta D values with elevation. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.