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Interactions between nitrogen deposition, land cover conversion, and climate change determine the contemporary carbon balance of Europe

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62356

Churkina,  G.
Department Biogeochemical Systems, Prof. M. Heimann, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62612

Zaehle,  S.
Terrestrial Biosphere Modelling & Data assimilation, Dr. S. Zähle, Department Biogeochemical Systems, Prof. M. Heimann, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62355

Chen,  Y.
Department Biogeochemical Systems, Prof. M. Heimann, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62425

Jung,  M.
Research Group Biogeochemical Model-data Integration, Dr. M. Reichstein, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62402

Heimann,  M.
Department Biogeochemical Systems, Prof. M. Heimann, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

Externe Ressourcen
Volltexte (frei zugänglich)

BGC1347.pdf
(Verlagsversion), 364KB

BGC1347D.pdf
(Preprint), 504KB

Ergänzendes Material (frei zugänglich)

BGC1347S.pdf
(Ergänzendes Material), 54KB

Zitation

Churkina, G., Zaehle, S., Hughes, J., Viovy, N., Chen, Y., Jung, M., et al. (2010). Interactions between nitrogen deposition, land cover conversion, and climate change determine the contemporary carbon balance of Europe. Biogeosciences, 7(9), 2749-2764. doi:10.5194/bg-7-2749-2010.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-D981-5
Zusammenfassung
European ecosystems are thought to take up large amounts of carbon, but neither the rate nor the contributions of the underlying processes are well known. In the second half of the 20th century, carbon dioxide concentrations have risen by more that 100 ppm, atmospheric nitrogen deposition has more than doubled, and European mean temperatures were increasing by 0.02 circle C yr(-1). The extents of forest and grasslands have increased with the respective rates of 5800 km(2) yr(-1) and 1100 km(2) yr(-1) as agricultural land has been abandoned at a rate of 7000 km(2) yr(-1). In this study, we analyze the responses of European land ecosystems to the aforementioned environmental changes using results from four process-based ecosystem models: BIOME-BGC, JULES, ORCHIDEE, and O-CN. The models suggest that European ecosystems sequester carbon at a rate of 56 TgC yr(-1) (mean of four models for 1951-2000) with strong interannual variability (+/- 88 TgC yr(-1), average across models) and substantial inter-model uncertainty (+/- 39 TgC yr(-1)). Decadal budgets suggest that there has been a continuous increase in the mean net carbon storage of ecosystems from 85 TgC yr(-1) in 1980s to 108 TgC yr(-1) in 1990s, and to 114 TgC yr(-1) in 2000-2007. The physiological effect of rising CO2 in combination with nitrogen deposition and forest re-growth have been identified as the important explanatory factors for this net carbon storage. Changes in the growth of woody vegetation are suggested as an important contributor to the European carbon sink. Simulated ecosystem responses were more consistent for the two models accounting for terrestrial carbon-nitrogen dynamics than for the two models which only accounted for carbon cycling and the effects of land cover change. Studies of the interactions of carbon-nitrogen dynamics with land use changes are needed to further improve the quantitative understanding of the driving forces of the European land carbon balance.