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A novel single-run dual temperature combustion (SRDTC) method for the determination of organic, in-organic and total carbon in soil samples

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62336

Bisutti,  I.
Service Facility Spectrometry, Dr. M. Raessler, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62411

Hilke,  I.
Service Facility Routine Measurements and Analysis (RoMA), I. Hilke, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62551

Schumacher,  J.
Department Biogeochemical Processes, Prof. E.-D. Schulze, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62521

Raessler,  M.
Service Facility Spectrometry, Dr. M. Raessler, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Bisutti, I., Hilke, I., Schumacher, J., & Raessler, M. (2007). A novel single-run dual temperature combustion (SRDTC) method for the determination of organic, in-organic and total carbon in soil samples. Talanta, 71(2), 521-528. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2006.04.022.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-D4D4-D
Zusammenfassung
The quantification of organic (OC) and inorganic carbon (IC) in soils provides an essential tool for understanding biogeochemical processes. Examples of its potential application are the assessment of the humification degree of soil organic matter, the calculation of carbon fluxes and budgets in terrestrial systems on a regional and global scale and the investigation of the carbon storage potential of soils. The verification of changes in carbon stocks requires an extensive number of samples as well as precise and reliable analyses. Due to the wide variation in the concentrations of the two forms of carbon in solid samples, the exact distinction is very difficult. We present the advantages of a single-run dual'temperature combustion method (SRDTC) at 515 degrees C for OC and 925 degrees C for IC, which allows the determination of OC, IC and total carbon (TC) within one single analytical run. The three parameters are analyzed in less than 30 min. Additionally, the method is characterized by a significantly reduced variability and low operator bias, as there is no need of chemical sample pre-treatment. It is applicable to a broad range of varying OC and IC contents, which is demonstrated by the use of numerous synthetic soil mixtures that have been analyzed. Furthermore, SRDTC indicates the presence of thermally instable carbonates, like magnesite, in the sample. Use of silver boats as a catalytic agent results in an improved distinction between OC and IC in this case. To examine the accuracy and reliability of the SRDTC method, it was compared to other techniques frequently used for carbon determination in soil samples: total combustion by elemental analysis to determine TC and acidification of the sample prior to combustion to determine OC. We will show that the rugged SRDTC method offers a substantial progress for both the reliable and rapid OC and IC determination in soil samples where elemental carbon is negligible. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [References: 26]