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Congener-specific concentrations and carbon stable isotope ratios (δ13C) of two technical toxaphene products (Toxaphene (R) and Melipax (R))


Gleixner,  G.
Molecular Biogeochemistry Group, Dr. G. Gleixner, Department Biogeochemical Processes, Prof. E.-D. Schulze, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Vetter, W., Gleixner, G., Armbruster, W., Ruppe, S., Stern, G. A., & Braekevelt, E. (2005). Congener-specific concentrations and carbon stable isotope ratios (δ13C) of two technical toxaphene products (Toxaphene (R) and Melipax (R)). Chemosphere, 58(3), 235-241.

In this study we compared the contribution of individual congeners and the ratios of stable carbon isotopes of two technical toxaphene products. The former US-American product Toxaphene(R) was from 1978 and the East-German product Melipax(R) from 1979. Both technical products showed the known complexity in GC/ECD measurements. Contributions of 24 peaks to each of the technical products were determined by gas chromatography in combination high resolution electron capture negative ion mass spectrometry (GC/ECNI-HRMS). The percentages of the compounds studied in the technical mixtures ranged from similar to0.05% to similar tO2.5% but showed some individual differences. 2,2,5,5,8,9,9,10,10-nonachlorobornane (B9-1025 or P-62) was identified as a major congener in both mixtures. 2-Endo, 3-exo, 5-endo,6-exo, 8,8, 10, 10-octachlorobornane (B8-1413 or P26) and 2-endo,3-exo,5-endo,6-exo,8,8,9,10,10-nanachlorobornane (B9-1679 or P-50) were found at similar concentration in both technical products. an element analyzer and their delta(13)C values were determined relative to the international standard Vienna PeeDee belemnite (VPDB). The mean delta(13)C values of both products varied by 2.8% (determined at two different locations) which is roughly one order of magnitude more than the precision obtained in repetitive analyses of the individual products. Thus, both investigated products could be unequivocally distinguished by stable isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). IRMS analyses may thus be a suitable tool for tracing back toxaphene residues in environmental and food samples to the one or both of the products. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [References: 31]