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Tropical snowline changes at the last glacial maximum: A global assessment

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62476

Mark,  B. G.
Research Group Paleo-Climatology, Dr. S. P. Harrison, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62398

Harrison,  S. P.
Research Group Paleo-Climatology, Dr. S. P. Harrison, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62567

Spessa,  A.
Department Biogeochemical Synthesis, Prof. C. Prentice, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Mark, B. G., Harrison, S. P., Spessa, A., New, M., Evans, D. J. A., & Helmens, K. F. (2005). Tropical snowline changes at the last glacial maximum: A global assessment. Quaternary International, 138-139, 168-201. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2005.02.012.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-D32B-6
Abstract
Snowline reconstructions from the tropics and subtropics (33 degrees S-33 degrees N) at the last glacial maximum (LGM) have been extracted from a new database which provides information on glacier equilibrium-line altitudes (ELAs) for over 350 glacier-valley localities during the Late Quaternary. About 60% of the intra-regional variability observed change in ELA (Delta ELA) between the LGM and. glacier slope) on the today is related to headwall altitude, reflecting the influence of basin morphometry (e.g. catchment size. response to climate change. Glacier-valley aspect, which influences the local patterns of radiation and precipitation, also causes intra-regional variability in Delta ELA although this influence varies greatly between regions. Overall, reconstructed Delta ELAs are smallest in the Himalayas, relatively small in the southern central Andes and East Africa, and largest in the northern Andes, Mexico and Papua New Guinea. Estimates of the temperature change implied by the range of Delta ELA within any one region, calculated using the CRU 10' modern climate database, are consistent with high-altitude temperature changes projected from reconstructions of temperature changes at lower altitude sites based in vegetation and geochemical data in the 21 ka TROPICS data set [Farrera et al., 1999. Climate Dynamics 15, 823-856]. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved. [References: 165]