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Effects of charring on mass, organic carbon, and stable carbon isotope composition of wood

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62360

Czimczik,  C. I.
Department Biogeochemical Processes, Prof. E.-D. Schulze, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62603

Werner,  R. A.
Service Facility Stable Isotope/Gas Analytics, Dr. W. A. Brand, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62549

Schulze,  E.-D.
Department Biogeochemical Processes, Prof. E.-D. Schulze, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Czimczik, C. I., Preston, C. M., Schmidt, M. W. I., Werner, R. A., & Schulze, E.-D. (2002). Effects of charring on mass, organic carbon, and stable carbon isotope composition of wood. Organic Geochemistry, 33(11), 1207-1223.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-CED1-F
Abstract
To aid in understanding black carbon (BC) formation during smoldering combustion in forest fires, we characterized charring of a softwood and hardwood. Charring (150, 340, 480 degreesC) caused mass loss (7-84%), enrichment of organic carbon (OC) (0-32%), and C-13 depletion (> 150 degreesC). As determined by C-13 MAS NMR, the OC composition of the woods was dominated by (di)-O-alkyl structures, and the chars by alkyl and aromatic structures. With increasing temperature, aromatic structures increased and the chars became more similar, although initial differences in OC concentration and delta(13)C of woods persisted. The BC cluster sizes apparently remained small, pointing towards a low resistance against oxidation. Crown Copyright (C) 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.