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18O pattern and biosynthesis of natural plant products


Werner,  R. A.
Service Facility Stable Isotope/Gas Analytics, Dr. W. A. Brand, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Schmidt, H.-L., Werner, R. A., & Roßmann, A. (2001). 18O pattern and biosynthesis of natural plant products. Phytochemistry, 58(1), 9-32.

Oxygen atoms in plant products originate from CO2, H2O and O-2, precursors with quite different delta O-18 values. Furthermore their incorporation by different reactions implies isotope effects. On this base the resulting non-statistical O-18 distributions in natural compounds are discussed. The delta O- 18 value of cellulose is correlated to that of the leaf water, and the observed O-18 enrichment (similar to + 27 parts per thousand) is generally attributed to an equilibrium isotope effect between carbonyl groups and water. However, as soluble and heterotrophically synthezised carbohydrates show other correlations, a non-statistical O-18 distribution - originating from individual biosynthetic reactions - is postulated for carbohydrates. Similarly, the delta O-18 values of organic acids, carbonyl compounds, alcohols and esters indicate water- correlated, but individual O-18 abundances (e.g. O from acyl groups similar to + 19% above water), depending upon origin and biosyntheses. Alcoholic groups introduced by monooxygenase reactions, e.g. in sterols and phenols, show delta O-18 values near + 5 parts per thousand, in agreement with an assumed isotope fractionation factor of similar to1.02 on the reaction with atmospheric oxygen (delta O-18 = +23.5 parts per thousand). Correspondingly, a "thermodynamically ordered isotope distribution" is only observed for oxygen in some functional groups correlated to an origin from CO2 and H2O, not from O-2. The individual isotopic increments of functional groups permit the prediction of global delta O-18 values of natural compounds on the basis of their biosynthesis. (C) 2001 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.