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Development of the water budget for three extra-tropical cyclones with intense rainfall over Europe

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62430

Karstens,  U.
Regional Scale Modelling of Atmospheric Trace Gases, Dr. U. Karstens, Department Biogeochemical Systems, Prof. M. Heimann, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Rockel, B., & Karstens, U. (2001). Development of the water budget for three extra-tropical cyclones with intense rainfall over Europe. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 77(1-4), 75-83.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-CE45-D
Abstract
Three cyclones developing between 28 August and 6 September 1995 were studied with respect to the temporal evolution of their water budget components. The cyclones were simulated with the regional model REMO. Water budget values were determined from hourly model output for circle areas with 500 km radius around the pressure minimum. The results show a maximum liquid water path of about 0.12 kgm(-2) and a maximum ice water path of 0.16 kgm(-2). In the vertical cloud structure the medium cloud layer disappears at the end of the life cycle for all three cyclones. The release of precipitation onto the Baltic Sea drainage basin is different for each cyclone. It lies between 13 and 22 . 10(12) kg. This is about 50% of the total precipitation in the whole area for the strongest cyclone and 65% for the others. The P-E (precipitation minus evaporation) is 15 . 10(12) kg for two of the cyclones and 10 . 10(12) kg for the third one. [References: 13]