de.mpg.escidoc.pubman.appbase.FacesBean
Deutsch
 
Hilfe Wegweiser Impressum Kontakt Einloggen
  DetailsucheBrowse

Datensatz

DATENSATZ AKTIONENEXPORT

Freigegeben

Zeitschriftenartikel

Effect of fire and soil texture on soil carbon in a sub-humid savanna (Matopos, Zimbabwe)

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons62467

Lloyd,  J.
Research Group Carbon-Change Atmosphere, Dr. J. Lloyd, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society;

Externe Ressourcen
Es sind keine Externen Ressourcen verfügbar
Volltexte (frei zugänglich)
Es sind keine frei zugänglichen Volltexte verfügbar
Ergänzendes Material (frei zugänglich)
Es sind keine frei zugänglichen Ergänzenden Materialien verfügbar
Zitation

Bird, M. I., Veenendaal, E. M., Moyo, C., Lloyd, J., & Frost, P. (2000). Effect of fire and soil texture on soil carbon in a sub-humid savanna (Matopos, Zimbabwe). Geoderma, 94(1), 71-90.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-CC4B-2
Zusammenfassung
We investigated the effects of changing fire regime on the stocks and isotopic composition of soil organic carbon (SOC) in a tropical savanna ecosystem at Matopos, Zimbabwe. Vegetation plots from both sandy and clay-rich soil types at this location have been subjected to fire frequencies ranging from annual burn to complete protection for the last 50 years. Gross variations in 0-5 cm SOC stocks and the delta(13)C value of SOC were predominantly related to soil texture, with carbon densities at the sandy sires being consistently 35-50% lower than those at comparable clay sites. Average 0-5 cm carbon densities for all the burnt plots were approximately 100 mg/cm(2) and 50 mg/cm(2), at the clay site and the sandy site, respectively. In both cases, lower fire frequencies had resulted in a similar to 10% increase, while higher fire frequencies had resulted in a similar to 10% decrease from these average values. Plots from which fire had been excluded experienced a 40% to 50% increase in carbon stocks in the 0-5 cm interval, compared with the average for the burned plots. There was a linear relationship between carbon density and delta(13)C value at both sandy and clay sites. This is controlled by the rate of delivery of C-3- and C-4-derived carbon to the SOC pool, by the differences in residence time for C-3- and C-4-derived carbon in the SOC pool (in turn controlled largely by fire frequency), and by soil texture. The distribution of carbon and C-13 between size fractions is also controlled by soil texture and fire frequency. Increasing fire frequency results in a relative increase in fine particulate SOC and an increase in the delta(13)C value of SOC in all size fractions. Soil texture, on the other hand, controls the magnitude of the increases in both the abundance and the delta(13)C value of SOC in all size fractions. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [References: 32]