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Journal Article

A Key Role for NF-kappa B Transcription Factor c-Rel in T-Lymphocyte-Differentiation and Effector Functions

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons82197

Visekruna,  Alexander
Department of Immunology, Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons82175

Steinhoff,  Ulrich
Department of Immunology, Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Clin_Dev_Immunol_2012_239868.pdf
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Citation

Visekruna, A., Volkov, A., & Steinhoff, U. (2012). A Key Role for NF-kappa B Transcription Factor c-Rel in T-Lymphocyte-Differentiation and Effector Functions. CLINICAL & DEVELOPMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY, 239368. doi:10.1155/2012/239368.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-BE51-1
Abstract
The transcription factors of the Rel/NF-kappa B family function as key regulators of innate and adoptive immunity. Tightly and temporally controlled activation of NF-kappa B-signalling pathways ensures prevention of harmful immune cell dysregulation, whereas a loss of control leads to pathological conditions such as severe inflammation, autoimmune disease, and inflammation-associated oncogenesis. Five family members have been identified in mammals: RelA (p65), c-Rel, RelB, and the precursor proteins NF kappa B1 (p105) and NF-kappa B2 (p100), that are processed into p50 and p52, respectively. While RelA-containing dimers are present in most cell types, c-Rel complexes are predominately found in cells of hematopoietic origin. In T-cell lymphocytes, certain genes essential for immune function such as Il2 and Foxp3 are directly regulated by c-Rel. Additionally, c-Rel-dependent IL-12 and IL-23 transcription by macrophages and dendritic cells is crucial for T-cell differentiation and effector functions. Accordingly, c-Rel expression in T cells and antigen-presenting cells (APCs) controls a delicate balance between tolerance and immunity. This review gives a selective overview on recent progress in understanding of diverse roles of c-Rel in regulating adaptive immunity.