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Journal Article

Phosphoproteome of Pristionchus pacificus Provides Insights into Architecture of Signaling Networks in Nematode Models


Gnad,  Florian
Mann, Matthias / Proteomics and Signal Transduction, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Borchert, N., Krug, K., Gnad, F., Sinha, A., Sommer, R. J., & Macek, B. (2012). Phosphoproteome of Pristionchus pacificus Provides Insights into Architecture of Signaling Networks in Nematode Models. MOLECULAR & CELLULAR PROTEOMICS, 11(12 Spec. Iss.), 1631-1639. doi:10.1074/mcp.M112.022103.

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Pristionchus pacificus is a nematode that is increasingly used as a model organism in evolutionary biology. The genome of P. pacificus differs markedly from that of C. elegans, with a high number of orphan genes that are restricted to P. pacificus and have no homologs in other species. To gain insight into the architecture of signal transduction networks in model nematodes, we performed a large-scale qualitative phosphoproteome analysis of P. pacificus. Using two-stage enrichment of phosphopeptides from a digest of P. pacificus proteins and their subsequent analysis via high accuracy MS, we detected and localized 6,809 phosphorylation events on 2,508 proteins. We compared the detected P. pacificus phosphoproteome to the recently published phosphoproteome of C. elegans. The overall numbers and functional classes of phosphoproteins were similar between the two organisms. Interestingly, the products of orphan genes were significantly underrepresented among the detected P. pacificus phosphoproteins. We defined the theoretical kinome of P. pacificus and compared it to that of C. elegans. While tyrosine kinases were slightly underrepresented in the kinome of P. pacificus, all major classes of kinases were present in both organisms. Application of our kinome annotation to a recent transcriptomic study of dauer and mixed stage populations showed that Ser/Thr and Tyr kinases show similar expression levels in P. pacificus but not in C. elegans. This study presents the first systematic comparison of phosphoproteomes and kinomes of two model nematodes and, as such, will be a useful resource for comparative studies of their signal transduction networks. Molecular & Cellular Proteomics 11: 10.1074/mcp.M112.022103, 1631-1639, 2012.