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Excitons in molecular crystals from first-principles many-body perturbation theory: Picene versus pentacene

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons22028

Rubio,  Angel
1Nano-Bio Spectroscopy Group and ETSF Scientific Development Centre, Departamento F´ısica de Materiales, Universidad del Pa´ıs Vasco UPV/EHU, Centro de F´ısica de Materiales CSIC-UPV/EHU-MPC and DIPC;
Theory, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Cudazzo, P., Gatti, M., & Rubio, A. (2012). Excitons in molecular crystals from first-principles many-body perturbation theory: Picene versus pentacene. Physical Review B, 86(19): 195307. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.86.195307.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-AF44-7
Abstract
By solving the first-principles many-body Bethe-Salpeter equation, we compare the optical properties of two prototype and technological relevant organic molecular crystals: picene and pentacene. Albeit very similar for the structural and electronic properties, picene and pentacene show remarkable differences in their optical spectra. While for pentacene the absorption onset is due to a charge-transfer exciton, in picene it is related to a strongly localized Frenkel exciton. The detailed comparison between the two materials allows us to discuss, on general grounds, how the interplay between the electronic band dispersion and the exchange electron-hole interaction plays a fundamental role in setting the nature of the exciton. It represents a clear example of the relevance of the competition between localization and delocalization in the description of two-particle electronic correlation.