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Journal Article

Retention of dopamine 2 receptor mRNA and absence of the protein in craniospinal and extracranial metastasis of a malignant prolactinoma: a case report

MPS-Authors

Winkelmann,  J
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

Pagotto,  U
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

Theodoropoulou,  M
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

Tatsch,  K
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

Saeger,  W
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

Müller,  A
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

Arzberger,  T
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

Schaaf,  L
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

Schumann,  EM
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

Trenkwalder,  C
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

Stalla,  GK
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Winkelmann, J., Pagotto, U., Theodoropoulou, M., Tatsch, K., Saeger, W., Müller, A., et al. (2002). Retention of dopamine 2 receptor mRNA and absence of the protein in craniospinal and extracranial metastasis of a malignant prolactinoma: a case report. European Journal of Endocrinology, 146(1), 81-88.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-A26D-4
Abstract
Objectives: The case presented here describes the clinical evolution of a malignant prolactinoma with occurrence of intra- and extra-cranial metastases. In this case, the presence of dopamine 2 receptor (D2R) was studied at the mRNA and protein level, in order to understand the pathological background of the resistance to treatment with different dopamine agonists. Design: Together with an extensive description of the clinical history of this case, a combination of in vitro and in vivo techniques was performed to provide the basis of the dopamine resistance developed in the course of the disease. Method: A comparison of the D2R was performed in specimens obtained at presentation of the disease compared with autoptic specimens derived from local invasion and metastasis using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical techniques. Results: Intact D2R mRNA was found in the primitive tumor and metastatic tissues, whereas protein for the same receptor was present only in the tissues derived from neurosurgical operations and not in the metastases obtained post-mortem. Conclusion: This is the first report of the absence of D2R protein despite the retention of the transcript in an advanced stage of a malignant prolactinoma. The findings of this single case suggest the hypothesis that postranscriptional mechanisms may contribute to the development of dopamine resistance in prolactinoma