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Iatrogenic and toxic myopathies

MPG-Autoren

Sieb,  JP
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

Gillessen,  T
Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Sieb, J., & Gillessen, T. (2003). Iatrogenic and toxic myopathies. Muscle & Nerve, 27(2), 142-156.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-9F3D-7
Zusammenfassung
There has been increasing awareness of the adverse effects of therapeutic agents and exogenous toxins on the structure and function of muscle. The resulting clinical syndrome varies from one characterized by muscle pain to profound myalgia, paralysis, and myoglobinuria. Because toxic myopathies are potentially reversible, their prompt recognition may reduce their damaging effects or prevent a fatal outcome. Interest in the toxic myopathies, however, derives not only from their clinical importance but also from the fact that they serve as useful experimental models in muscle research. Morphological and biochemical studies have increased our understanding of the basic cellular mechanisms of myotoxicity. Toxins may produce, for instance, necrotizing, lysosomal-related, inflammatory, anti-microtubular, mitochondrial, hypokalemia-related, or protein synthesis-related muscle damage