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Journal Article

Elevated Levels of Rad51 Recombination Protein in Tumor Cells

MPS-Authors

Raderschall,  Elke
Max Planck Society;

Stout,  Karen
Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons73791

Freier,  Susanne
Dept. of Human Molecular Genetics (Head: Hans-Hilger Ropers), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50579

Suckow,  Vanessa
Signal Transduction in Mental Retardation and Pain (Tim Hucho), Dept. of Human Molecular Genetics (Head: Hans-Hilger Ropers), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50544

Schweiger,  Susann
Dept. of Human Molecular Genetics (Head: Hans-Hilger Ropers), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50182

Haaf,  Thomas
Dept. of Human Molecular Genetics (Head: Hans-Hilger Ropers), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Raderschall, E., Stout, K., Freier, S., Suckow, V., Schweiger, S., & Haaf, T. (2002). Elevated Levels of Rad51 Recombination Protein in Tumor Cells. Cancer Research, 62(1), 219-225.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-8C80-B
Abstract
Rad51 is the key enzyme for homologous recombination, an evolutionarily conserved mechanism for the repair of DNA damage and the generation of genetic diversity. Given the observation that many tumors become resistant to radiation therapy and DNA-damaging chemotherapeutics and also that tumor cell populations can acquire a high number of genetic alterations and then expand clonally, dysfunction of the mammalian Rad51 recombinase could play a major role in the multistep process of tumorigenesis. The data we present provide further strong support for this hypothesis. Using anti-Rad51 immunofluorescence staining, widely different tumor cell lines displayed increased numbers of nuclei with focally concentrated Rad51 protein compared with nonmalignant control cell lines. These nuclear foci are thought to represent a repairosome-type assembly of Rad51 and other proteins required for recombinational DNA repair. By Western blot analyses, the net amount of Rad51 protein was increased 2–7-fold in all tested tumor cell lines. Inhibition of de novo protein synthesis by cycloheximide treatment showed a similar half-life of Rad51 protein in normal and tumor cells. Fluorescence in situ hybridization experiments did not detect Rad51 gene amplifications in tumors. Because Northern blot analysis demonstrated highly elevated Rad51 mRNA levels, we conclude that the increases in Rad51 protein and nuclear foci formation in tumor cells are the result of transcriptional up-regulation.