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Journal Article

Characterization of trimethylpsoralen as a mutagen for mouse embryonic stem cells

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Greber,  Boris
Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50409

Lehrach,  Hans
Dept. of Vertebrate Genomics (Head: Hans Lehrach), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50203

Himmelbauer,  Heinz
Dept. of Vertebrate Genomics (Head: Hans Lehrach), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Greber, B., Lehrach, H., & Himmelbauer, H. (2003). Characterization of trimethylpsoralen as a mutagen for mouse embryonic stem cells. Mutation Research-Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, 525(1-2), 67-76. doi:10.1016/S0027-5107(02)00316-0.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-8A6B-F
Abstract
Given a large number of genes with unknown functions in model organisms, collections of mutants are valuable resources for studying gene function. For the mouse, embryonic stem cell technology offers the possibility to manipulate the genome and select for mutations in vitro. Mutant mice can then be generated from clones of interest to study the phenotype of these animals. We manipulate the genome of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells chemically using the mutagen trimethylpsoralen (TMP). TMP predominantly causes deletions in the genome of Caenorhabditis elegans and Escherichia coli, but has not been established as a mutagen in mammalian systems yet. We have characterized TMP as a mutagen for mouse ES cells regarding death rates, mutation frequencies, and mutation spectrum. Allowing for 12.5% of cell survival, the mutation frequency at the mouse hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (Hprt) locus was 3.5 x 10(-5) on average. The characterization of a non-redundant set of 17 Hprt-deficient ES clones revealed that only 12% of clones contained genomic deletions and almost 50% were point mutations. Base substitutions were mostly transversions and all affected AT base pairs. We conclude that the mutation spectrum of TMP in mouse ES cells is different from that observed in C. elegans and E. coli. Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science B.V.