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The bovine IGF2 gene is differentially methylated in oocyte and sperm DNA

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50488

Reinhardt,  Richard
High Throughput Technologies, Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50409

Lehrach,  Hans
Dept. of Vertebrate Genomics (Head: Hans Lehrach), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Gebert, C., Wrenzycki, C., Herrmann, D., Gröger, D., Reinhardt, R., Hajkova, P., et al. (2006). The bovine IGF2 gene is differentially methylated in oocyte and sperm DNA. Genomics: Internat. Journal of Gene Mapping and Nucleotide Sequencing; Emphasizing Analyses of the Human and other Complex Genomes, 88(2), 222-229. doi:10.1016/j.ygeno.2006.03.011.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-83C7-6
Zusammenfassung
The insulin-like growth factor 2 gene (IGF2) encodes an essential growth factor and is imprinted in various mammalian species. Differentially methylated regions (DMRs) are often located within CpG islands and are critically involved in the regulation of monoallelic Igf2 expression in the mouse. Only partial sequence information is available for the bovine IGF2 gene and no DMR has currently been identified. The goal of this study was to identify a DMR within the bovine IGF2 gene as a prerequisite for further studies on gene-specific methylation patterns during preimplantation development. Here we describe the sequence analysis of a CpG-rich DNA fragment from the 5′ untranslated region spanning exons and introns 4 and 5 and the identification of a previously unknown DMR in exon 10 of the bovine IGF2 gene. Bisulfite analysis revealed that this DMR is differentially methylated in mature oocytes and sperm. The identification of an intragenic DMR within a developmentally important gene such as the bovine IGF2 gene provides a useful tool to evaluate the methylation patterns of embryos derived in vivo and in vitro. Our study is the first report of a differentially methylated region in a bovine imprinted gene discovered by the analysis of female and male gametes.