de.mpg.escidoc.pubman.appbase.FacesBean
Deutsch
 
Hilfe Wegweiser Impressum Kontakt Einloggen
  DetailsucheBrowse

Datensatz

DATENSATZ AKTIONENEXPORT

Freigegeben

Zeitschriftenartikel

The E-site story: the importance of maintaining two tRNAs on the ribosome during protein synthesis

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50642

Wilson,  Daniel N.
Dept. of Vertebrate Genomics (Head: Hans Lehrach), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50444

Nierhaus,  Knud
Ribosomes, Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

Externe Ressourcen
Es sind keine Externen Ressourcen verfügbar
Volltexte (frei zugänglich)
Es sind keine frei zugänglichen Volltexte verfügbar
Ergänzendes Material (frei zugänglich)
Es sind keine frei zugänglichen Ergänzenden Materialien verfügbar
Zitation

Wilson, D. N., & Nierhaus, K. (2006). The E-site story: the importance of maintaining two tRNAs on the ribosome during protein synthesis. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 63(23), 2725-2737. doi:10.1007/s00018-006-6125-4.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-830F-6
Zusammenfassung
In the sixties James Watson suggested a twosite model for the ribosome comprising the P site for the peptidyl transfer RNA (tRNA) before peptide-bond formation and the A site, where decoding takes place according to the codon exposed there. In the eighties a third tRNA binding site was detected, the E site, which was specific for deacylated tRNA and turned out to be a universal feature of ribosomes. However, despite having three tRNA binding sites, only two tRNAs occupy the ribosome at a time during protein synthesis: at the A and P sites before translocation (PRE state) and at the P and E sites after translocation (POST state). The importance of having two tRNAs in the POST state has been revealed during the last 25 years, showing that the E site contributes two fundamental features: (i) the fact that incorporation of a wrong amino acid is not harmful for the cell (only 1 in about 400 misincorporations destroys the function of a protein) stems from the presence of an E-tRNA; (ii) maintenance of the reading frame is one of the most remarkable achievements of the ribosome, essential for faithful translation of the genetic information. The presence of the POST state E-tRNA prevents