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Structural basis for interaction of the ribosome with the switch regions of GTP-bound elongation factors

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50126

Connell,  Sean R.
Dept. of Vertebrate Genomics (Head: Hans Lehrach), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50642

Wilson,  Daniel N.
Dept. of Vertebrate Genomics (Head: Hans Lehrach), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50431

Mielke,  Thorsten
Imaging/Electron Microscopy (Head: Rudi Lurz/Thorsten Mielke), Scientific Service (Head: Manuela B. Urban), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50160

Fucini,  Paola
Ribosomes, Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50563

Spahn,  Christian M. T.
Dept. of Vertebrate Genomics (Head: Hans Lehrach), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Connell, S. R., Takemoto, C., Wilson, D. N., Wang, H., Murayama, K., Terada, T., et al. (2007). Structural basis for interaction of the ribosome with the switch regions of GTP-bound elongation factors. Molecular Cell, 25(5), 751-764. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2007.01.027.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-8221-2
Abstract
Elongation factor G (EF-G) catalyzes tRNA translocation on the ribosome. Here a cryo-EM reconstruction of the 70S•EF-G ribosomal complex at 7.3 Å resolution and the crystal structure of EF-G-2•GTP, an EF-G homolog, at 2.2 Å resolution are presented. EF-G-2•GTP is structurally distinct from previous EF-G structures, and in the context of the cryo-EM structure, the conformational changes are associated with ribosome binding and activation of the GTP binding pocket. The P loop and switch II approach A2660-A2662 in helix 95 of the 23S rRNA, indicating an important role for these conserved bases. Furthermore, the ordering of the functionally important switch I and II regions, which interact with the bound GTP, is dependent on interactions with the ribosome in the ratcheted conformation. Therefore, a network of interaction with the ribosome establishes the active GTP conformation of EF-G and thus facilitates GTP hydrolysis and tRNA translocation.