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Journal Article

Comparison of the diagnostic significance of clinical, radiographic and ultrasonographic results after an experimental aerosol infection of pigs with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

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Herwig,  R.
Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Höltig, D., Hennig-Pauka, I., Beyerbach, M., Thies, K., Rehm, T., Gerlach, G. F., et al. (2008). Comparison of the diagnostic significance of clinical, radiographic and ultrasonographic results after an experimental aerosol infection of pigs with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. Berliner und Münchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift (Berlin), 121(11-12), 422-431.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-80C8-9
Abstract
Scoring schemes for clinical, ultrasonographic and radiographic findings in pigs were developed based upon a standardized animal model for Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infection.The results of these methods were compared to each other as well as with the corresponding pathomorphological findings during necropsy. Altogether 69 pigs of different breeding lines (Hampshire, Pietrain and German Landrace were examined. Positive correlations were found between the results of all three methods as well as with the necropsy scores (p <0.0001). Different pathomorphological findings were detected either by radiographic or by ultrasonographic examination dependent upon the type of lung tissue alterations: Alterations of the pleura as well as sequestration of lung tissue on the lung surface could be clearly identified during the ultrasonographic examination while deep tissue alterations with no contact to the lung surface could be detected reliably by radiographic examination. Both methods complement each other, and the application of a combined ultrasonographic and radiographic examination of the thorax allows a comprehensive inspection of the lung condition. Particularly during the acute phase of the disease the extent of lung tissue damage can be estimated more precisely than by clinical examination alone.