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Translocation and Deletion around SOX9 in a Patient with Acampomelic Campomelic Dysplasia and Sex Reversal.


Ullmann,  Reinhard
Molecular Cytogenetics (Reinhard Ullmann), Dept. of Human Molecular Genetics (Head: Hans-Hilger Ropers), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Jakubiczka, S., Schröder, C., Ullmann, R., Volleth, M., Ledig, S., Gilberg, E., et al. (2010). Translocation and Deletion around SOX9 in a Patient with Acampomelic Campomelic Dysplasia and Sex Reversal. Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation, 4(3), 143-149. doi:10.1159/000302403.

Campomelic dysplasia (MIM 114290) is a severe malformation syndrome frequently accompanied by male-to-female sex reversal. Causative are mutations within the SOX9 gene on 17q24.3 as well as chromosomal aberrations (translocations, inversions or deletions) in the vicinity of SOX9 . Here, we report on a patient with muscular hypotonia, craniofacial dysmorphism, cleft palate, brachydactyly, malformations of thoracic spine, and gonadal dysgenesis with female external genitalia and müllerian duct derivatives in the presence of a male karyotype. X-ray examination and clinical examinations revealed no signs of campomelia. The combination of molecular cytogenetic analysis and array CGH revealed an unbalanced translocation between one chromosome 7 and one chromosome 17 [46,XY,t(7; 17)(q33;q24).ish t(7; 17) (wcp7+,wcp17+;wcp7+wcp17+)] with a deletion of approximately 4.2 Mb located about 0.5 Mb upstream of SOX9 . STS analysis confirmed the deletion of chromosome 17, which has occurred de novo on the paternal chromosome. The proximal breakpoint on chromosome 17 is localized outside the known breakpoint cluster regions. The deletion on chromosome 17q24 removes several genes. Among these genes PRKAR1A is deleted. Inactivating mutations of PRKAR1A cause Carney complex. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a patient with acampomelic campomelic dysplasia, carrying both a deletion and a translocation.