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Gene ontology analysis of the centrosome proteomes of Drosophila and human

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Muller,  H.
Dept. of Vertebrate Genomics (Head: Hans Lehrach), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons50137

Dreher,  F.
Bioinformatics (Ralf Herwig), Dept. of Vertebrate Genomics (Head: Hans Lehrach), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Muller, H., Schmidt, D., Dreher, F., Herwig, R., Ploubidou, A., & Lange, B. M. (2011). Gene ontology analysis of the centrosome proteomes of Drosophila and human. Communicative & Integrative Biology, 4(3), 308-11. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21980565 http://www.landesbioscience.com/journals/cib/MullerCIB4-3.pdf.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-78A8-7
Abstract
The centrosome is a complex cell organelle in higher eukaryotic cells that functions in microtubule organization and is integrated into major cellular signaling pathways.1-3 For example, a tight link exists between cell cycle regulation and centrosome duplication, as centrosome numbers must be precisely controlled to ensure high fidelity of chromosome segregation.4 The analysis of the centrosome's protein composition provides the opportunity for a better understanding of centrosome function and to identify possible links to cellular signaling pathways.5,6 Our proteomics study of the Drosophila centrosome recently identified 251 centrosome candidate proteins that we subsequently characterized by RNAi in Drosophila SL2 cells and classified according to their function in centrosome duplication/segregation, structure maintenance and cell cycle regulation.7 Interestingly, functional characterization of their human orthologous proteins revealed the highest functional conservation in the process of centrosome duplication and separation. To analyze functional and biochemical interdependencies further, we carried out an analysis of the gene ontology (GO) annotation of the identified Drosophila centrosome proteins, as well as of the human centrosome proteome.5 The GO analysis of the group of proteins that did not show a centrosome, chromosome segregation or cell cycle related phenotype in our RNAi assays suggests that these molecules may constitute linker proteins to other cellular signaling pathways. Furthermore, the results of our GO analysis of components of the human and of the Drosophila centrosome reflect the somatic and embryonic origin, respectively, of the isolated centrosomes, implicating the Drosophila centrosome proteins in developmental signaling and cell differentiation.