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Journal Article

Mig-6 is a negative regulator of the epidermal growth factor receptor signal


Ullrich,  A.
Ullrich, Axel / Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Hackel, P. O., Gishizky, M., & Ullrich, A. (2001). Mig-6 is a negative regulator of the epidermal growth factor receptor signal. Biological Chemistry, 382(12), 1649-1662.

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In contrast to signal generation and transmission, the mechanisms and molecules that negatively regulate receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signaling are poorly understood. Here we characterize Mig-6 as a novel negative feedback regulator of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and potential tumor suppressor. Mig-6 was identified in a yeast two-hybrid screen with the kinase active domain of the EGFR as bait. Upon EGF stimulation Mig-6 binds to the EGFR involving a highly acidic region between amino acids 985-995. This interaction is kinase activity-dependent, but independent of tyrosine 992. Mig-6 overexpression results in reduced activation of the mitogen- activated protein kinase ERK2 in response to EGF, but not FGF or PDGF, stimulation and in enhanced receptor internalization without affecting the rate of degradation. The induction of Mig-6 mRNA expression in response to EGF, but not FGF, indicates the existence of a negative regulatory feedback loop. Consistent with these findings, a possible role as tumor suppressor is indicated by Mig-6-mediated inhibition of EGFR overexpression-induced transformation of Rat1 cells.